Horse training refers to a variety of practices that teach horses
to perform certain behaviors when asked to do so by humans. Horses are
trained to be manageable by humans for everyday care as well as for equestrian activities from horse racing to therapeutic horseback riding for people with disabilities.
Historically, horses were trained for warfare, farm
work, sport and transport. Today, most horse training is geared toward
making horses useful for a variety of recreational and sporting equestrian
pursuits. Horses are also trained for specialized jobs from movie stunt
work to police and crowd control activities, circus entertainment, and
There is tremendous controversy over various methods of horse
training and even some of the words used to describe these methods. Some
techniques are considered cruel, other methods are considered gentler
and more humane. However, it is beyond the scope of this article to go
into the details of various training methodology, so general, basic
principles are described below. The see also section of this article provides links to more specific information about various schools and techniques of horse training.